Cusco Amazon
Travel Agency and Tour Operator in Cusco, Peru.

April 30th, 2009 Cruz Velacuy

The Cruz Velacuy or to guard the Cross is a traditional festivity whose beginning to dating in the first decade of XVIII century. This traditional festivity is realized all years, the third day of May.

 

cruz-velacuy

 

The reason for this festivity is to adore the cross, the practice used to be private and closer only into the family. Now the celebration is realized in open form, for all people and with big pomposity to difference how was celebrated in the past.

 

In the Catholicism world, the passion of Jesus is represented by the Cross, this element was using in the ideological fight, in the religion and submission of the natives. The extirpator of idolatries destroyed the Incas ceremonial places and put the cross over it for adore.

 

velacuy

The new sign (the cross) was introduced in the worship by the Andean people like answer to the imposition. In this form it is given the syncretism between the Andean religion and the Europe religion.

 

This festivity has one person who manages, directs and finances, this person is the “Carguyoc o Mayordomo” who one year ago voluntarily accepted the post.

 

The crosses venerated can be mobile or unremovable.

 

The first king can be movement to differences part in procession, generally the material used for manufacture is the wood and the second king always is celebrated in the same place where is, because is not possible movement by the weight, the material used to manufacture is the rock or cement.

 

This celebration is realized the second day of May. Beginning with the movement the cross from the original place to the house of the Carguyoc, this part of the festivity is call “la bajada (the descent)” where with music and food people past the night to guard the cross.

 

cruz1

 

The principle day, May three the cross is movement to chapel to celebrate a mass, a band of music accompanies the movement from Chapel to house of the Carguyoc where is served the food and drinks and the cross is put over a special prepared place. The next day in the end of the celebration, is realized “the farewell (la despedida)”, the cross is return to the original place in the middle of drinks, food and dance.
For this article the used information belonged to Vicente Goyzueta.

April 30th, 2009 Lord of Qoyllur Ritti “Start of the snow”

The festivity of Lord of Qoyllur Ritti is one of the principles expressions about Andean faith, The Ausangate Mountain is the place where this celebration is realized with 5200 meters over sea level, this is realized before to celebrate Corpus Christi in Cusco city.

 

qoyllur-ritti-02

 

The Lord of Qoyllur Ritti festivity is in the Cusquenian Andean. It is the most massive event realized. The Worship at the image painted of Jesus in the rock and the Apu Ausangate is the sign of the syncretism religious. It is accepted by settlers so they deposit his faith for prosperity and good health.

 

The meaning of Qoyllur Ritti which is a quechua term want to said “Star of the snow”. The Sanctuary where is given the worship is a Chapel constructed with calamine and walls of cement.

The worship of the Lord of Qoyllur Ritti is presented in the dances that are realized out of the Chapel whose dancers represent at his respective town, they win the cold and the altitude sickness while into the Chapel prayers are being motivated by good desires for his future between candles and Human heat own of faith.

 

fiesta-del-qoyllur-ritti-archivo-de-promperu

 

One of the activities that is developing in the festivity is the fair of the alacitas where is possible to acquire mini cars, university degrees, which are offert to the Lord.

 

The persons who managing the tranquility are the pabluchas or Uhkukus with whip in hand put the order in the festivity, dresses with singular and multicolor clothes whose begin have a mystic origin which said that are sons of the union between the Andean bears and a beautiful aborigine women.

 

qoyllur-ritti-03

 

The tradition said that Jesus child wear like a little shepherd to appear to Marianito Mayta who was a little aborigine child. Both got to be good friends, the parents of Marianito thought that Jesus child was a son of landowner and called to the Parson that worked in the place, tried to capture but he didn’t. In the place where disappears this mysterious child, appear the rock with the image of Lord Qoyllur Ritti, after that the followers begin the worship… (Montañas Mágicas del Cusco y Machupicchu).

 

According to others hypothesis, the rock is a meteorite that fall down over the snow and by his stellar origins the Andean people who watched descended to the sky give his worship. As similar as the Kaaba which in the Islam word is a sacred rock, it is ubicated in the city of the Meca …(Montañas Mágicas del Cusco y Machupicchu).

 
The Qoyllur Ritti festivity is attracting to variety of person between natives and foreigners, where the faith and folk are inextricably linked with the pilgrimage, where the mountains are moving by the faith.

April 3rd, 2009 Holy week in Perú

 

semana-santa-ayacuchoThe Holy Week in the Christian world is the time where the passion, death and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth are commemorates which posses a deep connotation between faithful of all parts of our world.

 

In Perú specifically in the Andean World the celebration of this event is with colorful and great fervor; depending of the custom and tradition of celebration.

 

In Cusco, Ayacucho and also Huaraz and Tarma, Is possible to observe this great celebration

En Perú podemos observar estas celebraciones con gran esplendor en Cusco, Ayacucho y también Huaraz y Tarma (la perla del Ande).

 
Cusco the millenary city life this celebration with greats faith, population overturns to the street all Monday of Holy week, the devotion by the Taitacha 1 of the tremors (In the first time call Lord of the good death, change his name to Lord of the Tremors when Cusco had suffered in 31 may of 1650 a earthquake that destroyed many houses and temples and the population extract in procession the figure of the Lord of Tremors and end the natural movements). During the celebration of Holy week the typical food is presented.

 
senor-de-los-tembloresThe Celebration of Holy Week is lived with big emotion by population of Ayacucho city. The celebration begin on Sunday of branches with the traditional entrance call Chamiza (after noon), beasts of burden and donkeys enter loading chamiza (kind of plants), it will be deposit near at the Cathedral to burn on Sunday of glory, day that end the celebrations.

 
Holy Week in Perú have his own characteristic and his own way of living, is a mix of beliefs but all directed to the faith to get a better place for live.

 

 

senor-de-los-temblores-lunes-santo-cusco

April 3rd, 2009 Ponies of Totora (Riding in the Waves)

 

caballito-totoraThe geographical space where the Moche developed was especially cost, population basically use to ate sea food of fishing, rich in variety of fish, because the Peruvian sea always was a principle food source.

 

 

The Mochicas used to service the fishing activity and developed in the low cost, in the better bay of Perú (Chimbote). “Examining the Mochica pictography check that the best activity of AIAPAEC ” and the big heads consisted in sea excursions to pos of the daily fauna… (Los Mochicas – Rafael Larco Hoyle).

 

caballito-de-totora-nino

Fort the accomplishment to fishing activity The Mochicas used crafts in form to rafts which were constructed with the totora barks. The capacity of this crafts was limited for two persons. Also used the fabulous “Ponies” of Totora, with which can to ride the waves and fishing.

 

caballutos-de-totora

 

At present this traditional crafts (Ponies of Totora) are being employees by fishermen that inhabit in little ports and creeks.

 

The original name of this traditional crafts is TUP which come of the MUCHICK. By the form to riding the waves this crafts was calling for the Spanish “Ponies” and Totora which is the material used in the constructed of this rafts.

 

The useful life of this rafts is one month because the fragility of the Totora by the contact with the water and the pass of the time.

 

 

 

 

 

Tours a Choquequirao>>>     Tours a Machupicchu>>>     Tours a la Selva Manu>>>

Tours a CUSCO>>>                 Tours a PUNO>>>                  Tours a AREQUIPA>>>

April 3rd, 2009 Lord of Sipan

THE BEST ARCHEOLOGICAL DISCOVERY OF THE XX CENTURY

tumba-de-sipanThe discovery of the tomb of the Lord of Sipan (in 1987 in the region of La Libertad, to 35 km at southeast of Chiclayo city), reveals one of the more impressive burial from the Mochica culture that highlight with their big goldsmith metalworkers, planners and hydraulic engineers, this culture has been developed in the I and VII century in the cost of the north of Perú.

 

The Works has done by many archaeologists between them for example Walter Alva, Susan Meneses and Luis Chero give us valuable information over this culture.

 

Archaeological evidence like Pyramidal temples, Fortifications and irrigations works are a sample of creativity and big technological level on the complex organization.

 

Their Knowledge in orfebrery give place to process the copper like one of the material more used in the manufacturing of tools, weapons and other.

 

sipan

“Their more important feat was Copper Brown with sophisticated techniques that give the same result Electrolyte system invented in Europe to finish of the XVIII century”… (Archaeologist Walter Alva)

 

The arts of Mochica Culture presented the image of world where they function in the cultural as the religious, becoming to be hight evidence of his culture. “Present significative events, ceremonials items and probably myths and stories that reflect the world conception”… (Archaeologist Walter Alva)

 

Ornaments and symbols represented on the Mochica art give us one key of the role that Lord Sipan had in the Mochica organization.

 

“The top of social structure and politic of Mochica culture was occupied by Lord of Sipan in his time, with character semi divine, to judge by the objects found and his accompanist”… (Archaeologist Walter Alva)

 

His clothes and ornaments suggest that all sacred ceremonies were done by this personage. Highlight on his ornament the earmuff with the sacred bird in the “purification ritual”.

 

The Lord of Sipan had a 1.67meters (tall in his time), apparently death with only 3 month of government, approximately to the age of 40 years.

 

The tomb discovered of this majestic Lord is very important because is the first time that discovered a tomb with dating before to the Inca culture and any kind of alteration or damage, allowing of this way realized studies that help to understand the incredible Moche culture.

 

Tours a Choquequirao>>>     Tours a Machupicchu>>>     Tours a la Selva Manu>>>

Tours a CUSCO>>>                 Tours a PUNO>>>                  Tours a AREQUIPA>>>

March 1st, 2009 Ther international festival of vendimia of Ica

 

vinoThe Festival of Vendimia is a festivity which is celebrated in the region of Ica, to south of Lima, in the second week of March. This holiday celebrates the abundance of grape and the excellent quality of wines that are produced in this zone and are considered to be the best in the whole Peru.

 

misThe festival lasts approximately for a week and during the celebration there are many folklore and cultural activities: fairs, contests of allegoric cars, festivals of music, also there are many national and international artists, contests of northern marinara (a typical dance in the coast), championship of Sandboard, gastronomic contests, and a visit to bodegas of the valley. One of the principal attractions there is the election and coronation of the Queen of Vendimia.

 

 

baile

 

In the festival of Vendimia there is an opportunity to taste “cachina” a typical beverage that is produced from grape and is similar to wine. Nowadays this celebration attracts people from the all over the world and joins them regardless their social class to share happiness and amusement.

 

huacachina

 

Tours a Choquequirao>>>     Tours a Machupicchu>>>     Tours a la Selva Manu>>>

Tours a CUSCO>>>                 Tours a PUNO>>>                  Tours a AREQUIPA>>>

February 8th, 2009 The festivity of the Virgin of Candelaria

The festivity of the Virgin of Candelaria is realized in February in Puno, a city situated on the banks of the Titicaca Lake located 3870 above sea level. This celebration is a sample of alive culture, its dances and music are beautiful, and that is why it is considered one of the most important and significant festivities that are realized in South America together with the Carnival of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil and the Carnival of Oruro in Bolivia.

 

danza-candelaria

 

The festivity lasts for 18 days during which the people can see more than 200 folkloric groups. There are native dances from communities of Puno and also organized dances from neighborhoods of the city named “dances with costumes made of lights”. Thousands of visitors come to the Sanctuary of San Juan to worship the Virgin of Candelaria. The principal day is 2nd of February, on this day the groups dance merrily in the streets of the city, performing colorful choreographies with contagious rhythms that join the settlers and the visitors of all ages.

 

virgen-de-candelaria

This festivity is associated with the Pachamama (Earth) and the tribute to the Earth that relates to the purity and fertility of the virgin. Different communities such as Aymaras, Quechuas and mestizos meet during this celebration.

 

danza-saya-dandelaria